§§ 28–35. When challenged Leocrates refused to submit his slaves as witnesses, thereby plainly confessing his guilt. §§ 36–54. His flight took place during a grave crisis when every citizen was rallying to the defence of Athens. Praise of those who fell at Chaeronea: as they are honoured so Leocrates. Besides the speech against Leocrates at least thirteen a published orations of Lycurgus are recorded which, though extant for centuries after his death, are now lost. Only a few fragments of these have come down to us, almost all embodied in the writings of other authors. While his speech has been considered one of the worst of the group, he does set the reader up for Diotima like the others, as the first speaker to explicitly distinguish between beauty and goodness. Plato constantly challenges the tragedy-comedy dichotomy in the Symposium, and Agathon’s speech is a major element in this challenge. Socrates - Socrates - The Athenian ideal of free speech: That Socrates was prosecuted because of his religious ideas and political associations indicates how easily an ideal held dear by his fellow Athenians—the ideal of open and frank speech among citizens—could be set aside when they felt insecure. This ideal and its importance in Athens are well illustrated by the remark of the orator.
The case must be classified as an instance of contradictory definition, since Leocrates admits that he left the city but denies that he betrayed it. Others class it as an instance of conjecture as to intention, since it is admitted that the accused left the city, while his purpose in leaving it is doubtful: did he wish to be a traitor or only to trade?
About this Book Catalog Record Details. The speech against Leocrates, edited by A. Petrie. Lycurgus, approximately 390 B.C.-approximately 324 B.C. Download PDF: Sorry, we are unable to provide the full text but you may find it at the following locations: hdl./2027/mdp. external link http.
The oration Against Leocrates, which was delivered in 330 BC, was first printed by Aldus Manutius in his edition of the Attic orators. speech: Against Leocrates. Against Leocrates section: section hypothesis section 1 section 2 section 3 section 4 section 5 section 6 section 7 section 8 section 9 section 10 section 11 section 12 section 13 section 14 section 15 section 16 section 17 section 18 section 19 section 20 section 21 section 22 section 23 section 24 section 25.
Additional Physical Format: Online version: Lycurgus, approximately 390-approximately 324 B.C. Speech against Leocrates. Cambridge [Eng.] The University Press, 1922. Lycurgus' speech Against Leocrates is a difficult source for the history of Athens in the times of Alexander. In fact, the flight of Leocrates after Chaeroneia in 338 and his business and stay in. His prosecutorial speech, Against Leocrates, delivered in 330 BCE, indicted his compatriot for treason, claiming that he fled Athens after the battle of Chaeronea when the city was under threat of attack by Philip II of Macedonia, though this attack never materialized.
Lycurgus' "Against Leocrates" has long been seen as an anomaly in the oratorical corpus by scholars of ancient rhetoric. Its extensive use of quotations from the poets and of personification are two features regularly picked out as especially odd and inexplicable by critics. Lycurgus' "Against Leocrates" has long been seen as an anomaly in the oratorical corpus by scholars of ancient rhetoric. I contend that the whole speech may be read as a study in how to craft.
Keywords: oratory, Lycurgus, Against Leocrates, ancient Greek history, patriotism, morality, polis Abstract In this paper we will start from the basic hypothesis that Lycurgus’ selection of historical allusions in his oratory represents, above all, a reflection of his patriotic feelings and true moral beliefs. Against Leocrates takes the changed nature of philotimia as its point of departure. Lycurgus presumes that Athens necessarily enjoyed and required virtually unlimited power to regulate economic activity and/or commandeer private resources for the public good. The speech.
Nov 19, 2010 · Petrie, A. 1922 Lycurgus: The Speech against Leocrates Cambridge Poppo, E.F. 1834 Thucydidis de Bello Peloponnesiaco Libri Octo, Part III, Vol. II Leipzig Rhodes, P.J. 1981 A Commentary on the Aristotelian Athenaion Politeia Oxford. The Speech Against Leocrates 1922 "A Bibliography of South African Literature" in the Cambridge History of English Literature, vol. XIV 1922 An Introduction to Roman History, Literature and Antiquities 1926, reprinted 1963. In what follows I examine Lycurgus' Against Leocrates, a speech that is generally recognized as being one of the most idiosyncratic and non-representative texts in the classical Athenian oratorical corpus.
Lycurgus: Against Leocrates by Joseph Roisman, 9780198830177, available at Book Depository with free delivery worldwide. And in his speech against Dionysodorus, Demosthenes accuses Dionysodorus of violating a contract for shipping grain: « Thus, he enacted a law nomothetōn for himself and rejected our just claims based on the contract ». Against Leocrates 1, 8-9, trans. Harris. Speeches,” Electronic Antiquity 2 ; Lycurgus, Against Leocrates, 68–71; cf. Andocides 1.108. 15. The Athenian version of the Persian Wars can beseen already in Thucydides in the Athenian speech to the Peloponnesian League prior to the outbreak of the Peloponnesian War 1.73–74. 16.
Booktopia has Against Leocrates, Against Leocrates by Joseph Roisman. Buy a discounted Hardcover of Against Leocrates online from Australia's leading online bookstore. Lycourgos’ speech against Leocrates is critically important, though usually overlooked, as a source for the religion of Athenians of its time, 330 B.C., and for understanding the development of Athenian religion in the fourth century as a whole. F. Blass and others have drawn attention to isolated sentences in the speech against Leocrates which might have been deliberately modelled, with only the necessary changes of words for the different circumstances, on sentences in Isocrates. 12 The employment of a pair 277 of synonyms, or words of similar sense, where one would suffice, also.
Leocrates had chosen defection at a historical moment, eight years before, when coordinated cooperation among the residents of Athens had been imperative. Lycurgus charged Leocrates with having disobeyed a law against abandoning Athens immediately following Athens’ defeat at the battle of Chaeronea in 338. According to Lycurgus in. The speech had been delivered in 1986 by Richard Hamming, an accomplished mathematician and computer engineer, as part of an internal series of talks given at Bell Labs. I had never heard of Hamming, the internal lecture series at Bell Labs, or this particular speech. And yet, as I read the transcript, I came across one useful insight after.
His sole surviving speech, Against Leocrates, was delivered in an impeachment for treason. Some of his contemporaries, including Hypereides, objected that Lycurgus was overly zealous in his use of eisangelia and impeached men for petty offenses. So vigorous was Lycurgus in his prosecution of wrongdoers that it was said that he anointed his pen. Lycurgus, born c. 390 bc —died c. 324, Athenian statesman and orator noted for his efficient financial administration and vigorous prosecutions of officials charged with corruption. Lycurgus supported Demosthenes’ opposition to Macedonian expansion. During the 12 years 338–326 following the Athenian defeat by Macedonia at Chaeronea, he controlled the state finances and is said to. Of fifteen speeches regarded as genuine by Caecilius 1, the only one extant is Against Leocrates. The ancient opinion that Lycurgus was mercilessly severe in his prosecutions is supported by the study of this speech. His literary style was influenced by that of Isocrates, but he is a much less careful writer, being often negligent in the. Jul 01, 2009 · Analysis of parts of Lycurgus’ speech Against Leocrates reveals some key features of the how rational rituals worked to build common knowledge in Athens. This paper, adapted from a book-in-progess, is fortthcoming in the journal Episteme. Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation.
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